Today is the 20th anniversary of the Great Hanshin earthquake. Please take a moment to remember the over 6,000 people who lost their lives. The earthquake took place at 5:46 a.m. as most people were asleep in their homes. Your chance of survival during, and comfort afterwards can be improved if you are prepared. If you are not yet prepared please do so today. Here is a simple Earthquake preparedness guide.
In Memory of the Great Hanshin Earthquake – the facts
1. The earthquake resulted in 6,434 deaths, and 300,000 people were left homeless due to this natural disaster.
2. The Great Hanshin earthquake, was a 7.3-magnitude earthquake that rocked the Hyōgo Prefecture of Japan on the dawn of January 17, 1995 at 5:46 a.m. The Kobe earthquake was a shallow inland earthquake that was along a fault line. Due to the shallowness (less than 20 km below the ground) it was highly destructive to buildings.
3. The earthquake lasted for 20 seconds and resulted in 18 cm horizontal and 12 cm vertical movement of land.
4. The earthquake measured Mj 7.3 on the revised JMA magnitude scale used by the Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA).
5. The Kobe earthquake was preceded by 4 foreshocks on January 16th; (1) 18:26, (2) 18:49, (3) 18:55, and (4) 23:49.
6. The epicenter of the Kobe earthquake was located on the northern end of Awaji Island in Hyogo Prefecture, approximately 20 km away from Kobe.
7. Approximately 200,000 buildings and 120 of the 150 quays (wharfs) were destroyed due to the quake.
8. Transport and electricity were disrupted for a few days following the disaster. Only 30 percent of the rail lines on the Osaka-Kobe rail network were functional. The main freeway was destroyed in some areas.
9. Around 1.2 million volunteers participated in the relief work for the first three months following the disaster.
Do not forget the Hanshin Earthquake victims! Also, be as prepared as you can be! Prepare now.
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